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The Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIS, ISIL or Daesh) carried out a genocide of Yazidis in the Sinjar area of northern Iraq in the mid-2010s. The genocide led to the expulsion, flight and effective exile of the Yazidis from their ancestral lands in Upper Mesopotamia. In 1987 the Anfal campaign targeted Kurdish civilians.
The article presents a study which investigates the association of patterns of conflict-related mortuary practice with the agent of burial which may be identified in the archaeological record. During the investigation, the researchers examine the treatment of the dead resulting from the ethnic cleansing of Muslims in the former Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1995 and the Anfal campaign targeting Kurdish civilians in Iraq in 1987.