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ENG101: College Writing (Quick): Home


Welcome to the Research Guide for ENG101, College Writing.  Please use this guide to find resources for your research essay.  Please contact myself or any BCC Librarian if you have any questions.

Research Methods

According to the Encyclopedia of Education, research is a process in which measurements are taken of individuals or organizations and the resulting data are subjected to analysis and interpretation.

Special care is taken to provide as accurate an answer as possible to the posed question by subjecting "beliefs, conjectures, policies, positions, sources of ideas, traditions, and the like … to maximum criticism, in order to counteract and eliminate as much intellectual error as possible" (Bartley, pp. 139–140).

In collecting the necessary information, a variety of methodologies and procedures can be used, many of which are shared by such disciplines as education, psychology, sociology, cognitive science, anthropology, history, and economics.

Research using quantitative methods rests on the belief that individuals, groups, organizations, and the environments in which they operate have an objective reality that is relatively constant across time and settings. Consequently, it is possible to construct measures that yield numerical data on this reality, which can then be further probed and interpreted by statistical analyses. In contrast, qualitative research methods are rooted in the conviction that "features of the social environment are constructed as interpretations by individuals and that these interpretations tend to be transitory and situational" (Gall, Borg, and Gall, p. 28).

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