The amount of misinformation that is spread on the web is staggering. It is spread mainly via Websites, Social Networks, and Email. The Hot Topics for such misinformation are Politics, Government Policies, Religion and various Scams and Hoaxes.
1. Check for previous fact-checking: Check the fact checking sites to see if an online article or claim has already been debunked
2. Go upstream to the original source: Websites rarely contain original content. To determine the trustworthiness of information found online, try to find the original source of information.
3. Read laterally: Once you've found the original source of information, see what other people say about the author or publication. Do they have a good reputation?
4. Circle back: If you get stuck or find the claim is not trustworthy, start a new search using different keywords to find a different source and start the fact-checking process again.
To learn more, read Web Literacy for Student Fact Checkers