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Chemistry: Cite Sources using ACS/CSE

About ACS and CSE

Developed by the American Chemical Society, ACS style may be used for research papers in the field of chemistry. Each citation consists of two parts: the in-text citation, which provides brief identifying information within the text, and the reference list, a list of sources that provides full bibliographic information.

The Council of Science Editors (CSE) offers two citation formats for those conducting research in the biological sciences. The Writing centers at Bristol Community College provide sample citations for the name-year system . For help with this or any other writing questions, please visit your local campus Writing Center.

Printable Guide: ACS Citation Style

For additional examples of citations in ACS style, see the Quick Guide: ACS Citation Style, created by Penn State University Libraries:

Formatting In-text Citations

Select one of the three methods below to cite in-text references:

Superscript numbers

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.¹

Within the cited information:
Rakita¹ states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

Italic numbers

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (1).

Within the cited information:
Rakita (1) states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization.

Author name and year of publication

At the end of the cited information:
Fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (Rakita, 2004).

Within the cited information:
Rakita states that fluoridated water as well as various fluoride products such as toothpaste provide fluoride ions necessary for remineralization (2004).

Note: for two authors use "and": Rakita and Smith. For more than two authors use "et al.": Rakita et al.

Formatting a Reference List

Note: With all citations, regardless of format, the first line is flush to the left margin and all subsequent lines are indented one half inch (approximately 5 spaces).

Books
Single author

Chang, R. General Chemistry: The Essential Concepts, 3rd ed.; McGraw-Hill: Boston, 2003, Chapter 5.

Edited Book
Gbalint-Kurti, G. G. Wavepacket Theory of Photodissociation and Reactive Scattering. In Advances in Chemical     
     Physics; Rice, S. A., Ed.; Wiley: New York, 2004; Vol. 128; p 257.
Book in Series
Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Chemistry, Nutrition, and Health Effects; Shahidi, F., Finley, J. W., Eds.; ACS Symposium
     Series 788; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2001.
Article from a reference book
Powder Metallurgy. Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, 3rd ed.; Wiley: New York,1982; Vol. 19, pp
     28-62.

Articles

Article in a scientific journal
Evans, D. A.; Fitch, D. M.; Smith, T. E.; Cee, V. J. Application of Complex Aldol Reactions to the      
     Total Synthesis of Phorboxazole B. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 10033-10046.
Article in a popular/non-scientific magazine Manning, R. Super Organics. Wired, May 2004, pp 176-181.
Article from an online journal
Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed.
     [Online]2007, 11,383-393 http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug
     23, 2007).

Theses, Patents, Conferences, Technical Reports
Theses
Thoman, J. W., Jr. Studies of Molecular Deactivation: Surface-Active Free Radicals and S(O)para-    
     difluorobenzene.Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1987.
 
OR
 
Gehring, A. PhD. Dissertation, Harvard University, 1998.
Patents
Wilkins, T. D.; Tucker, K. D. Detection, Isolation, and Purification of Clostridium Difficile Toxin A with Toxin
     Receptors. U.S. Patent 5,098,826, March 24, 1992.
Conference/Meetings (full-text)
Winstein, S. In University Chemical Education, Proceedings of the International Symposium on University     
     Chemical Education, Frascati (Rome), Italy, October 16-19, 1969; Chisman, D.G. Ed.; Butterworths: London,  
     1970.
Conference/Meetings (abstract only)
Kaplan, L.J.; Selder, A. Books of Abstracts, 213th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 13-17,
     1997; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1997; CHED-824.
Technical Report or Bulletin
Crampton, S.B.; McAllaster, D. R. Collision and Motional Averaging Effects in Cryogenic Atomic Hydrogen
     Masers; WMC-AFOSR-002; NTIS: Springfield, VA, 1983.

Web

Web page National Library of Medicine. Environmental Health and Toxicology: Specialized Information Services.       http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro.html (accessed Aug 23, 2004).
Article from an online journal
Peacock-Lopez, E. Exact Solutions of the Quantum Double Square-Well Potential. Chem. Ed. [Online] 2007, 11,  
     383-393.http://chemeducator.org/bibs/0011006/11060380lb.htm (accessed Aug 23, 2007).
Article published online in advance
Chung, J.M. and Peacock-Lopez, E. Cross-diffusion in the Templator model of chemical self-replication. Phys. Lett. A  
     [Online early access]. DOI:10.1016/j.physleta.2007.04.114. Published Online: June 12, 2007.
     http://www.sciencedirect.com (accessed Aug 23, 2007).
Computer Program   
SciFinder Scholar, version 2007; Chemical Abstracts Service: Columbus, OH, 2007; RN 58-08-2 (accessed Aug 23,
     2007).